Borissov skipped the EU-Africa summit in Abidjan and took instead the direction of Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia, a country with which Bulgaria has an almost virgin track record of relations.
In Saudi Arabia, Borissov is accompanied by the foreign minister Ekaterina Zaharieva. This left no other option than the country sending to the Abidjan summit a deputy foreign minister, Todor Stoyanov.
The snub doesn’t augur well for development being high enough in the priorities of Bulgaria’s upcoming Presidency of the Council of the EU, despite communication on Twitter suggesting the opposite.
FM Ekaterina Zaharieva: Bulgaria is supporter for increased dialogue and effective coop w/ #Africa. EU-@_AfricanUnion summit should send strong signal to #youth, on #migration, #peace #security #education, sustanable growth pic.twitter.com/9xf480gIdX
— Bulgaria in EU (@BGPermRepEU) November 13, 2017
Teodor Kalpakchiev, a Governance and Political Inclusion Fellow to the 5th African Union – European Union Summit, who is currently in Abidjan, criticised his country’s leadership for lack of strategic vision in Africa. In an op-ed published on 13 November he wrote:
“The lack of transparency in who, how and why represents Bulgaria in multilateral formats such as the currently ongoing UNFCCC’s COP23 in Bonn and the 5th African Union – European Union Summit in Abidjan that will take place 29-30th of November 2017 speaks of the lack of Europeanization of institutional practices, as well as of the lack of strategic vision. Although COP and ASEM meetings take place each year, the AU-EU (formerly Africa-EU due to the exclusion of Morocco) meeting is convened once in three years and is instrumental in discussing questions relating not only to development cooperation, but also sectoral collaboration in education, business and investments, trade, culture and intellectual property, etc. The lack of interest in Africa that transliterates into a possibility of non-representation, as the prime minister will be in Saudi Arabia and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is preoccupied with the preparations for the Council of EU Presidency.”
— Teodor Kalpakchiev (@TeoKalpakchiev) November 13, 2017
As other new EU members from Central and Eastern Europe, Bulgaria remains a miniscule provider of Official Development Assistance (ODA), as illustrated by this infographic:
No official list of participants at the summit is available. According to the family photo in Abidjan, in which not all faces are visible, Central and Eastern Europe was represented as follows in Abidjan:
- Estonia, holding the EU Presidency, by Prime Minister Jüri Ratas;
- Poland: by Prime Minister Beata Szydło;
- Slovakia: by Prime Minister Robert Fico;
- Hungary: by the foreign minister Péter Szijjártó;
- Czech Republic: by the foreign minister Lubomír Zaorálek;
- Lithuania: by foreign minister Linas Linkevičius;
- Latvia: by foreign minister Edgars Rinkēvičs;
- Slovenia: State Secretary Andrej Logar;
- Romania: State Secretary Monica Gheorghiță.
Photo de famille des chefs d'États et de #gouvernement présent au sommet Europe-Afrique le Pdt @IssoufouMhm du #Niger habillé en tenue traditionnelle #FierDeIssoufou #ne227.#AUEUSummit #AUEUSummit17 #AUEUSummit2017 #AUEU #SommetUAUE #UAUE #sommetUAUE2017 #AU #UE #Abidjan @RFI pic.twitter.com/pfTfMXPVIT
— Adamou Mahamadou (@AdamouMahamad2) November 30, 2017
Needless to say that most of the older EU members were represented at the highest level: France by Emmanuel Macron, Germany by Angela Merkel, Spain by Mariano Rajoy, Italy by Paolo Gentiloni, Belgium by Charles Michel, the Netherlands by Mark Rutte, Luxembourg by Xavier Bettel, Sweden by Stefan Löfven, Finland by Juha Sipilä, Portugal by António Costa.